A Symposium on Friedrich Nietzsche and Ayn Rand

Tenth Anniversary Celebration, Part II



Volume 10, No. 2 - Spring 2009 Issue #20

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface: : Our Tenth Anniversary Year Concludes - Chris Matthew Sciabarra, p. 247

EGOISM IN NIETZSCHE AND RAND, pp. 249-91

STEPHEN R. C. HICKS

Philosophers Friedrich Nietzsche and Ayn Rand are often identified as strong critics of altruism and arch advocates of egoism. In this essay, Stephen Hicks argues that Nietzsche and Rand have much in common in their critiques of altruism but almost nothing in common in their views on egoism.

EGOISM IN NIETZSCHE AND RAND: A SOMEWHAT DIFFERENT APPROACH, pp. 293-312

LESTER HUNT

If we examine Rand’s relation to Nietzsche in terms of the number of issues on which the late Rand agreed with him, the connection between them looks extremely weak. On the other hand, if we look at the relation in terms of Rand’s philosophical development, the connection is much more profound. Nietzsche is where Rand began as a thinker, and though she traveled far from this source, her thinking always bore important traces of her beginnings.

RONALD E. MERRILL AND THE DISCOVERY OF AYN RAND’S NIETZSCHEAN PERIOD, pp. 313-28

ADAM REED

In scientific and technological journals, it is customary to include in the first special issue on a mature invention or discovery a traditionally informal, first-person memoir of how the invention or discovery came about. Because Ronald E. Merrill died of myeloma in 1998, Reed has written an inevitably second-hand account of his discovery of Nietzsche’s influence on the young Ayn Rand, and of the subsequent intellectual history of this discovery.

NIETZSCHE, RAND, AND THE ETHICS OF THE GREAT TASK, pp. 329-42

PETER SAINT-ANDRE

This essay traces a trajectory of ethical thought from Epicurus through Friedrich Nietzsche to Ayn Rand. Nietzsche originally celebrated Epicureanism as a form of refined heroism but subsequently repudiated Epicurus for being overly concerned with mere happiness. Out of Nietzsche’s turn away from Epicurus came a focus on the nobility of creative work, which provided a springboard for Rand’s ethics of productivity and achievement.

WILL THE REAL APOLLO PLEASE STAND UP? RAND, NIETZSCHE, AND THE REASON-EMOTION DICHOTOMY, pp. 343-69

ROGER E. BISSELL

The author probes the "Tower of Babel" effect surrounding Western civilization’s long-standing fascination with the Greek god Apollo. He clarifies the reason-emotion dichotomy and shows the Classical-Romantic opposition of Apollo and Dionysus, as adopted by Ayn Rand and (supposedly) Friedrich Nietzsche, to be an inaccurate way to characterize either Apollo (god of reason) or Dionysus (god of emotion). Temperament theorist David Keirsey’s linkage of Apollo with emotion is found similarly wanting, and an argument based on insights of personality type theorist Janet Germane is offered that Apollo instead is most fundamentally the god of intuition.


EMBRACING POWER ROLES NATURALLY: RAND'S NIETZSCHEAN HEROES AND VILLAINS, pp. 371-98

ROBERT POWELL

Because of Ayn Rand’s problematic moral labels on her characters, Gail Wynand, not Howard Roark, should be her true Nietzschean hero. Wynand meets the criteria of both the Nietzschean Superman and Rand’s Objectivism. Roark’s false integrity taints his greatness and improperly vulgarizes him as a Nietzschean Superman. Rand problematically wants her heroes to accept the greatness of the bermensch, but reject his natural existence and will to power. Dominique Francon should be her true Nietzschean villain, because, unlike Ellsworth Toohey, she enjoys the painful destruction of herself and others.

CONTRIBUTOR BIOGRAPHIES

A Symposium on Friedrich Nietzsche and Ayn Rand

Tenth Anniversary Celebration, Part II



Volume 10, No. 2 - Spring 2009 Issue #20

ROGER E. BISSELL

is a professional musician and a writer on philosophy and psychology, specializing in aesthetics, logic and epistemology, and personality type theory. His work has appeared in a number of other publications, including Reason Papers, Objectivity, Journal of Consciousness Studies, Bulletin of the Association for Psychological Type, Vera Lex, and ART Ideas. His mock transcription of a lecture by the fictional composer Richard Halley was published in Edward W. Younkins’s 2007 compilation, Ayn Rand’s “Atlas Shrugged”: A Philosophical and Literary Companion, and he supervised the transcription of Nathaniel Branden’s lectures for the 2009 publication of The Vision of Ayn Rand: The Basic Principles of Objectivism.
Musically, Roger has two recently released recordings featuring his trombone playing and a new CD with trombone and vocal solos, including four of Roger's original compositions, is scheduled to be released in early 2010.

STEPHEN R. C. HICKS

Department of Philosophy, Rockford College, Rockford, Illinois 61108; Is Professor of Philosophy and Executive Director of the Center for Ethics and Entrepreneurship at Rockford College. He is the author of Explaining Postmodernism: Skepticism and Socialism from Rousseau to Foucault (Scholargy, 2004) and Nietzsche and the Nazis (Ockham's Razor, 2006).

LESTER H. HUNT

Professor of Philosophy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 600 North Park Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53706; Is the author of Nietzsche and the Origin of Virtue (Routledge) and Character and Culture (Rowman and Littlefield) as well as articles on aesthetics, ethics, and political philosophy. He is currently at work on a book on Robert Nozick.

ROBERT POWELL

Doctor of Philosophy with a degree in English from Florida State University; Is an Assistant Professor of English at LeMoyne-Owen College in Memphis, Tennessee. His dissertation is entitled Ayn Rand's Heroes: Between and Beyond Good and Evil.

ADAM REED

Professor of Information Systems, California State University, Los Angeles, California 90032-8123, studied electrical engineering, computer science and neurophysiology as an undergraduate and graduate student at MIT. He completed his doctorate in mathematical psychology at the University of Oregon and did postdoctoral research in neural networks at Rockefeller University. Before joining the faculty of Cal State LA, he spent 18 years at Bell Labs, working in artificial intelligence and in software engineering. He is the author of more than 20 research articles, book chapters and patents in electronics, computer science, neurophysiology, mathematical and cognitive psychology, economics, scientific methodology and epistemology, politics, political history and the history of ideas.

PETER SAINT-ANDRE

received a B.A. in Philosophy and Classics from Columbia University in 1989. For the last ten years he has worked on the standardization of Internet protocols for real-time communication, digital identity, and information security. His essays, poems, translations, musical compositions.